A sturdy timber workbench is a must for all sorts of money-saving projects and repair jobs around your home.
This strong, simple to build project features a carpenter’s well - that’s a channel shaped section in the centre of the bench top which makes jobs such as cutting easier, stops tools from falling off the bench and keeps nails, bolts, screws and other fittings from rolling off too.
It’s such a practical, adaptable design - you can vary the length and/or width to suit whatever space or place you’ve planned for your new bench in the garage, shed or carport.
STEPS 1 & 2
Materials & tools required
- Pine or Oregon dressed, treated pine
- 90 x 45mm for Top Frame - 2 @ 3.6m
- 90x45mm Rails - 1 @ 3.6m
- 90x45mm Angle Braces - 1 @ 3.9m
- 90 x 90mm for Post Legs - 1 @ 3.3m
- 190 x 19mm for Bench Top & channel - 2 @ 1.8m
- 190 x 19mm Under Bench Shelf - 1 @ 1.8m
- Particle Board
- 1 sheet, 1800 x 900 x 18mm
- PVA Wood Glue
- 75 x 3.75mm galvanised BH
- 100mm x 10g c/sunk, 63mm x 10g c/sunk
- You may prefer to bolt the support posts and rails together instead of using nails - use zinc plated coach bolts, nuts and washers such as 150 x 8mm for rails/braces to posts etc.
- A handsaw or power circular saw
- A Carpenter's square
- Good Pencil
- Tape measure or folding rule
- Electric drill/screwdriver
- Claw hammer
- Spanner or wrench
Assembling the bench - the top frame
Construct the frame for the bench top first, by cutting 2 x 1800mm and 4 x 810mm lengths of the 90 x 45mm timber. When cutting several pieces of timber to the same length like this, clamp them together all square at one end, then measure and mark the top piece and cut them as one. Then, even if your measurements may have been slightly out, you’ll still have identical lengths of timber to work with.
Place the pieces you have just sawn on edge, on the floor or other flat area to work on. Form the pieces into a rectangle as shown in the diagram. This will form the support frame for the bench top. Glue and nail or screw the pieces together after checking that everything is square (measure on the diagonal from corner to corner, these should be equal, if not, move the frame slightly at opposite corners until the measurements are equal).
Now fix the particleboard top piece, 1800 x 900 x 19mm, by gluing and nailing to the frame as shown in the diagram.
Make the end frames
Cut 4 x 800mm lengths from the 90 x 90mm timber. These will be the legs for the bench. Loosely bolt or screw a piece of 90 x 45 x 810mm previously cut timber across the bottom of each pair of legs, at 90mm from the bottom or floor level.
Connect these 2 end frames on one side by loosely bolting or screwing a piece of 90 x 45 x 1800mm timber at 90mm from the bottom of the legs as shown in the diagram. Then cut and fix a diagonal brace using the 90 x 45mm timber on each diagram, for extra stability.
Trim the bracing pieces to length by sawing flush with the outside of the legs once fixed in place.
Now cut and fix a piece of 190 x 19mm timber across the horizontals of each end frame to provide additional strength to the base frame and also provide you with a handy shelf underneath. You could add 1 or 2 more pieces of 190 x 19mm timber to give you a wider shelf for more storage space.
Additional coach bolts, nuts and washers can now be fixed to all the joints to totally secure the frame - but don’t tighten them up until you have fitted and fixed the bench top in position.
Fitting the bench top
Lift the bench top you have already made in Step 1 and position it on top of the four legs - you might need an extra pair of hands to help you do this. The legs should fit snugly into each inside corner of the bench top frame. Use screws to secure through top frame to the top of each leg.
Now take 2 pieces of 190 x 19 x 1800mm timber and using countersunk screws, fasten them to the particleboard at the front and rear as shown in the diagram. When placing the screws, make sure that the longer 100mm screws are positioned so that it will penetrate into the top of each leg to add security to the bench top.
The pieces of 190 x 19mm timber that you have now fixed in place add extra strength to the bench top so that a wood or metal working vice, or one of each, can then be attached. These pieces also form the carpenter’s well in the centre of the bench top. For a longer lasting working surface, it would be best to use KD dressed hardwood for these 2 top pieces instead of pine (which is a softwood).
Now, tighten up all bolts securely and your strong, all-purpose workbench that you have built yourself is complete and ready to use! Protect it from the weather and it will give you years of use - it might even become a family heirloom!
Extra tool storage
It’s easy to go on and customise your new workbench by adding optional end tool boards. Simply cut 2 pieces of pegboard about 810mm wide x 620mm high and screw them to the frames at each end. Now hang your tools on spring clips or pegboard hooks in neat order and mark their outline with a felt pen to make it easy to replace them where they belong.
You will also be able to see at a glance what’s missing or who hasn’t put something back after borrowing it!